Salomon Joachim
Pinckas "Benedict"

Joachim (born c. 1640), son of Salomon, emigrated to Lobositz, Bohemia, from Poland in the mid-1600s to escape the Cossack-Polish War.1 He married a daughter of Emanuel Katzenstein and had children: Esterl (1664), unknown daughter (c. 1670), Eyßich (1674), Pinckas (1681), and Salomon (1685). Joachim died in Lobositz in 1713. Pinckas "Benedict" married Esterl from Laun, likely daughter of Löbel Simon MIROTIC,2 in 1701 and had children: Simon (1703), Kaile (1707), Abraham (1709), Resel (1719), and Edl (1721). Simon3 settled in Lichtenstadt in 1722, married Edel "Adelheit" BONDI, daughter of Rabbi Salomon and Sara, and had at least two children, including Herz (1724).4 By at least 1779, Herz had adopted the surname BENEDICT5 (apparently after his father's patronymic name).

Herz BENEDICT married Rößel from Konigswarth in 1760, lived in Lichtenstadt, and had children: Judith (1762), Salomon (1773), and Margaretha (1776). After Rößel died, widower Herz married widow Rachel "Rosalia" (1739) in 1779 and had a son, Lazar (1787). Herz also had daughters Rebeka and Ester (unknown whether their mother was Herz's first or second wife). Herz died in 1812 followed by Rosalia in 1815.

Research Notes

1. The 1724 census of Lobositz describes Joachim Salomon as having come to Lobositz at a young age and as the brother of the previously listed Eyßich Salomon. The latter is described as having arrived in Lobositz from Poland about 1648 at the beginning of the "Cossack War". Thus, it is presumed that the brothers shared the same origin and, since Joachim was young at the time, arrived together.

2. Only one Jewish family had protection status in Laun (Lebl Mirotic in 1655) through at least the second half of the 17th century. See the Hugo Gold encyclopedia entry for Laun, Leipzig fair directory p. 491, and Jahrbuch entry.

3. Simon is recorded in the 1724 census of Lichtenstadt as Simon Pinckes from Lobositz. In the directory of the Leipzig Fair 1675-1764, in the list of those from Lichtenstadt, there are two Simon's recorded. The first, under the single name "Simon," is explicitly listed as a son of Salomon Levi and included for the years 1675 and 1679 (prior to the birth of Simon from Lobositz and having a different father's name). The second Simon, under the name "Simon Bendix," is listed for the years 1731-32 and 1734-39. In the census of 1724 (a short time earlier), there were only 47 heads of family in Lichtenstadt with only a single Simon (Simon Pinckes) listed. Furthermore, Bendix (or Benedict, its equivalent) is very often found as a secular equivalent to the Hebrew given name Pinchas (apparently on account of the biblical character Pinchas, who receives two important blessings ("benedictus" in Latin) from God). Taken together, we can confidently conclude that Simon Bendix of Lichtenstadt is the same person as Simon Pinckes of Lichtenstadt, who came from Lobositz. 

4. The Familiant record of Herz Benedict lists his parents in Lichtenstadt lists his parents as Simon and Adelheit and that he was married in 1760 and 1779. The earlier marriage appears to match well with a marriage permission recorded in the Gubernium in 27 October 1758 between Hertzl Simon Lobositz, Lichtenstadt Schutzjuden (protected Jew), and Rösel from Königswart. From Herz's death record in Lichtenstadt in 1812 at the age of 88, he was born about 1724. The 1724 census of Lichtenstadt lists Simon Pinckes from Lobositz, 21 years old, who settled in Lichtenstadt in 1722 and was married to Edel, daughter of Rabbi Salomon Bondi. The 1724 census of Lobositz lists Simon, 22 years old, married in Lichtenstadt, son of Pinkas Joachim, as well as his father Joachim Salomon.

5. This surname is often spelled "Benedikt" (with a "k" rather than a "c") in Bohemian records. However, the oldest known record for this family in which the surname is listed (the 1779 marriage permission for Herz Benedict) lists the surname with the spelling "Benedict". The two spellings appear to be interchangeable.

5. It is unknown if there was a connection between Herz Benedict, described above, and Jacob Benedict, whose family also resided in Lichtenstadt. At this point, it is believed that there was not, since Herz's paternal line can be definitively traced back to Lobositz, while Jacob's paternal line is hypothesized to have gone back further in Lichtenstadt.


Many thanks to Magda Simonovska ( and Paul King for their assistance in researching this family.