Jacob married Pepi, daughter of Löbl, and
had at least one son, Jacob (1747)1,
who adopted the surname BENEDICT2 in Lichtenstadt.
BENEDICT married Jetta
"Judita" LEDERER, likely daughter of Joachim and Antonia, daughter of
Moises,3 in 1768 and had
children: Herschmann (1772), Judith (1774), Joachim
Ester, Moises (1785), Ewa
(1791), and Israel (1795). After Jetti died
in 1800, Jacob married Ester BISCHITZ
of Michael BISCHITZ and
daughter of Abraham and Buna, in 1801 and had one son Abraham (1804).
Jacob died in 1818
followed by Ester in 1835.
"Herman" BENEDIKT married Klara and had at least three
(1800), Eliezer (1806), and Rosa (1810). He died in Lichtenstadt in 1826.
- Eliezer BENEDIKT died as an infant in 1806.
BENEDIKT married Joachim "Abraham" SCHWALB, son of Joachim Jonas and
in 1795 and
had a son, Joachim (1797). She died in Lichtenstadt in
BENEDIKT married Sara KARPEL, daughter of
in 1803 and had at
least four children: Rachel (1803), Moyses (1805), Löw (1807), and
Baruch (1809). He died in Lichtenstadt in 1846 followed by Sara in 1854.
- Rachel "Rosa" BENEDIKT married Löw LÖWENSTEIN, son
of Falkmann and Rachel nee KOHN, in 1825 and had
at least three children: Abraham (1827), Amalia (1829), and Jakob
- Moyses BENEDIKT died as a child in 1810.
- Löw "Leopold" BENEDIKT married Franziska "Fanny"
BEYER, daughter of Pinkus and Amalia nee FEIGEL, in 1833 and had
children: Aron (1832), Jakob (1833), Philipp (1834), Ferdinand (1842),
Ludwig (1844), and Karl (1848).
- Aron BENEDIKT died as a child in 1834.
- Jakob BENEDIKT died as an infant in 1834.
- Philipp BENEDIKT died as a child in 1836.
BENEDICT left Lichtenstadt in 1826 and married Dina KAHN, daughter of
Nathan and Jeannette nee WILTENSTEIN, in Mommenheim, Alsace, in 1827
and had children: Judithe (1828), Jacques (1829), Nathan (1831),
Gertrude (1834), and Babette (1836). Moises
died in Mommenheim in 1837.
- Jacques BENEDICT married Sophie BLOCH from
daughter of Joseph and Jeannette Hanna nee Lehmann, in 1859 and had ten
children, born mostly in Mommenheim: Hortense (1860), Josephine (1861),
Moises (1863), Mathilde (1864), Silvain
(1866 in Wingersheim), Jules Cesar (1867), Claire (1869), Adele (1871),
(1872), Bertha (1874), and Camilla (1875).
- Mathilde BENEDICT married Moïse KLOTZ in 1892.
BENEDICT, a rabbi, married Suzanne Marthe SCHMOLL in
Paris, France, in 1899 and had at least two children: Jacqueline (1900)
and André Jacques (1905). Silvain died in Paris in 1938.
- Jacqueline BENEDICT married Paul Lévy
LAMBERT in 1923 and died in 1980 in Vaucresson.
- André Jacques BENEDICT died in the
Holocaust at Auschwitz in 1942.
- Jules Cesar BENEDICT married Fanny MAY from
Oberseebach, Bas-Rhin, daughter of Salomon and Mathilde nee SCHNAZ, in
Wingersheim in 1920 and died there in 1952.
- Adele BENEDICT married Simon CAHN, from Russia,
of Jacob and Pauline nee RATTNER,
1898 and had at least one son in Balbronn, France, Gaston Maurice
(1900). She died in Lausanne, Switzerland, in 1929.
- Gaston Maurice BENEDICT married Alice
Wissembourg, daughter of Salomon and Flora nee MARSHALL, in 1927. Alice
direct descendant, through her mother, of the Pfälzer and Oppenheimer
families from Hemsbach, Baden. He died in Lausanne, Switzerland, in
- Caroline BENEDICT died in Paris in 1948.
- Camilla BENEDICT died in the Holocaust at
Auschwitz in 1944.
- Babette BENEDICT married Adam KLOTZ, son of Joseph and Julie
nee CAHN, in Soultz-sous-Forêt in 1866 and had at least one son, Moïse (1867).
married Joachim "Abraham" SCHWALB in
1803 (a levite marriage, after the death of Abraham's wife and
sister, Judith) and had children: Eliakum (1804), Bernard (1807),
Salomon (1817), and Jakob (1820). She
died in Lichtenstadt in 1820.
"Gerschmann" BENEDIKT, a hosier, married Wilhelmina WOLFNER,
daughter of Hermann and Franziska, in Lichtenstadt in 1832 and had
children: Juli (1833), Peppi (1834), Jakob (1839), and
"Frederich" BENEDIKT, an engineer on the Pilsen to Brunn railway,
married Rosa HERZ from Eidlitz, daughter of Josef and Johanna nee LOBL,
in Wien in 1876.
BENEDICT married Klara "Franziska", "Fanny" LÖWENSTEIN,
of Falkman and Margaretha nee BENEDICT, daughter of Herz and Rößel,
and had children: Falkmann (1828), Mina (1830), Jakob
(1833), Herz (1835), and Siegfrid (1844). Abraham and Klara moved
to the United States,
probably in the early 1850s. In
America, Abraham and his wife, known thenceforth as Fanny, settled in
Cleveland, Ohio. While having the occupation of glasier in Austria,
Abraham worked variously in America as a painter, sales agent, and
spectacle peddler. He died in Cleveland around 1867.
immigrated to America in 1852 and arrived in New York. He soon traveled
Connecticut, where he married Mina
"Minnie" FRIEDENTHAL in 1853 and
submitted his Declaration of Intention
to become a citizen in 1855. He then moved to Grand Rapids, Michigan,
for a short time before moving back to Cleveland in or before 1860,
where he became a naturalized United States citizen in the Cleveland
Common Pleas Court. After Minnie died in Cleveland in 1866, Leopold
married Sarah BECKER
from Börrstadt, daughter of Isaac and Judith nee GRÜNEWALD,
same year. Throughout most of
his life, Leopold worked as an optician while at various times being
also described as a clerk, travelling salesman, spectacle merchant,
and peddler. In 1906,
Leopold died in Canton, Ohio, where he frequently visited. Leopold had
a total of eleven children. With his first wife Mina, there were six:
Minnie E. (1854) in Hartford, Connecticut; Maurice G. (1856)
Ohio; Emma (1858) and Josephine (1859) in Grand
Rapids, Michigan; Cora
(1861) and Emanuel (1863) in Ohio. With his second wife Sarah, there
were five, all born in Cleveland, Ohio: Isaac M. (1867), Abraham L.
(1869), Edward Andrew (1870), Robert Joseph (1873), and Eleanor (1876).
E. BENEDICT married Frederick BENEDICT
in about 1878.
They had no children. Frederick died in 1901. Minnie lived for a short
time in the early 1930s with her niece in Des Moines, Iowa, before
moving to Los Angeles, California, where she died in 1936.
G. BENEDICT married Alameda COBOUGHT in
Cleveland in 1880. He died in Omaha, Nebraska, in 1898. They had no
- Emma BENEDICT
married Ellis F. "Frank" SWEET, traveling agent, son of Samuel
and Olive nee ELLIS, in Detroit, Michigan, in 1889. After Ellis' death,
Emma married Zora B. CUSTER, son of Darius
and Jane nee AMSDEN and fourth cousin of the famous General George
Armstrong CUSTER, in Bradford, Pennsylvania, in 1910. Though Zora had
children from a previous marriage, they did not have any together.
After Zora died in 1924, Emma moved to California, where she died in
Los Angeles in 1948.
BENEDICT married Lee ROTHSCHILD,
live stock merchant from Sien, Prussia, in 1880 and
resided in Omaha, Nebraska. They had five children: Loring Washington
(1882), May Miriam (1883), Cora B. (1885), Arthur Jacob (1887), and
N. (1888). Lee died in Omaha in 1914 followed by Josephine in Los
Angeles, California, in
BENEDICT married David MEYER of Lincoln, Nebraska, and died in or
E." BENEDICT, a butcher, married Cora BARRENGER, daughter of
Richard and Eunice, in Battle
Creek, Michigan, in 1887. After a presumed
divorce, he married Mary MANNING in 1896. They later
Colarado, had a daughter Gladys M. (1912), and then traveled back to
moving again from Ohio to California in 1917, Mary died in National
City in 1932 followed by Emanuel in
- Gladys M. BENEDICT married Verner E. HAWKINS
had no children.
Verner died in National City in 1970 followed by Gladys in 1981.
M. BENEDICT, a paint salesman, married Rebecca
DANZIGER, daughter of Joseph and Jennie nee SPANDEN, in Cleveland in
1895 and had two
children, Bernice E. (1898) and Leonard J. (1908). Isaac died
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in 1920, after which Rebecca married Alex T.
KOPF from Germany, son of Isaac and Fredericka nee BERNSTEIN, in
Cleveland in 1931.
- Bernice BENEDICT married Marvin Clemont
of Joseph and Fannie nee LUSTIG, in
Cleveland in 1920. Marvin died in Miami Beach, Florida, in 1959
followed by Bernice in 1979.
- Leonard BENEDICT remained single
died in Lakewood, California, in 2002.
"Albert" L. BENEDICT married
Dorathin LEVI, daughter of David and Elizabeth nee THORMAN, in
1893. They had two children, Ruth (1895) and Dudley L. (1899). Abraham
died in Cleveland in 1950.
- Ruth BENEDICT married Charles A. METZGER
Hungary, son of Isaac and Ester nee SEIGER, in Cleveland in 1917 and
had children: Irene Doris (1917), Dorothy B. (1919), Edwin Irving
(1921), and Elaine L. (1926). She died in Los Angeles, California, in
BENEDICT died as a child in Cleveland in
Andrew BENEDICT worked first as an artist and
then as a salesman in Cleveland. He married Amelia EMRICH, daughter of
Feiss and Sarah nee ROSKOPH,
in 1893 in Cleveland and had daughters
Sylvia (1893) and Florence (1897). He died in Cleveland Heights in
BENEDICT married Joseph KAUFMAN
son of David and Gita nee MILENKY,
in Cleveland in 1917 and
had children: Evelyn Barbara (1918) and Edward Benedict (1921).
A contralto singer, she performed weekly recitals
on WHK, the oldest radio station in Ohio, in the late 1920s. Sylvia
died in Cleveland in 1950.
BENEDICT married Abraham Tobias WALLACH,
son of David and Fannie nee WINTER of Austria, in Cleveland in 1925 and
died there in 1968.
Joseph BENEDICT remained single, worked as a
salesman, and died in Cleveland Heights in 1954.
"Ella" BENEDICT married Elkan DORFZAUN, son of Jacob
and Regina nee SCHWARTZENBERGER, in 1914. They had no children and Ella
died in 1937.
BENEDIKT died as an infant in Lichtenstadt in 1831.
BENEDIKT died as an infant in Lichtenstadt in 1833.
"Henry" BENEDICT immigrated to the United States and married
Hannah CAUFFMAN, daughter of
David and Caroline, in Cleveland in 1867. They had two children,
Abraham (1868 in Lapeer, Michigan) and Minnie H. (1871 in New York).
Henry died in Rochester, New York, in 1892 followed by Hannah in 1924.
- Abraham BENEDICT married Bertha WILEY in
New York, in 1896 and had at least two daughters: Ruth Wiley (1900) and
Jane Wiley (1911).
- Jane Wiley BENEDICT had first marriage that
then married Peter HAWLEY, a union organizer, in 1942. She had two
children: Jim and Ellen. Jane was a prominent housing advocate who
was the principal founder of the Metropolitan Council on Housing, a
New York City tenants' rights organization. Peter died in 1996 and Jane
died in Berkeley, California, in 2005.
- Minnie BENEDICT remained single and died in
Rochester, New York, in 1964.
"Frederick S." BENEDICT
immigrated to the United States and married Minnie
BENEDICT, daughter of Leopold and Mina nee FRIEDENTHAL, in about 1878.
They had no children and he died in Cleveland in 1901.
1. In the Familiant record, Jacob Benedict's father's name is
recorded as also being Jacob. Since Ashkenazi Jews were not named after
living relatives, the typical reason for such an occurence is that the
father died during the pregnancy of the son, who was then named for the
recently deceased father. However, while this did occasionally occur,
it was not common and suggests that there may be another possible
explanation for the duplicate names. My hypothesis is that the father
had the name Jacob but that his son had a different birth name,
likely Veith, and then assumed his father's name later, after the
father had died.
A possible example of this scenario can be seen through the Familiant
record of Abraham Schwalb in Lichtenstadt (reproduced on this page).
It lists his name as "Abraham sonst Joachim" (Abraham, also known as
Joachim) and his father's name as Joachim Jonas. It also records
him as having a son named Joachim born in 1797, presumably named after
the deceased grandfather. Thus, we may presume that, by 1797, Joachim
Jonas was deceased. However, in that same year, in the marriage index,
Abraham is listed with the name Joachim Schwalb (this is confirmed by
the marriage permission number 624, which matches that shown in the
Familiant record). Putting it together, we see that Abraham Schwalb
went by his father's name Joachim, during the period in which his
father was deceased.
Jacob Benedict was born about 1747
and his father was probably at least around 25 years old at his birth
(on average, if he were the first born). Thus, it is probable that his father, if he was from Lichtenstadt,
would show up as a young child in the 1724 census there. Furthermore, since
Jacob Benedict was a Familiant (had protection status) in Lichtenstadt, but was born after the Familiant laws had
been in place for some time (since 1726), it is probable that he received
status in Lichtenstadt from his father (i.e., that is father was
also a Familiant in Lichtenstadt). These two together suggest that
Jacob, the father, was probably not only a young child in the 1724 census
of Lichtenstadt, but also a son of low birth order (since this was the
order for hereditary Familiant status). As a likely candidate, the
census lists a Veith
Bendet (patronymic), married to Rechele, settled in 1715, and having
children: Wolf (8 years old), Jacob (6), Selckel (3), and Rößel (1).
This Jacob, 2nd born son, born about 1718, is hypothesized to be Jacob, the older.
His son, then, may have been named Veith, after the grandfather, with the
later adopted surname Benedict derived from the great-grandfather's given name
Bendet. It must be noted, however, that, at this
point, no record has been found that confirms that the younger Jacob
went by a different name in earlier times. Two key records which could
possibly shed light on this mystery are the marriage permission
applications for Jacob's two marriages (not yet found). The later one
(1801) might include additional information about Jacob while the
earlier one (1768), if confidently identified, could provide the best
opportunity to determine whether his birth name was, in fact, Jacob.
Since this record was from the pre-surname period, his name would
likely be in patronymic form and, in the case that Jacob was
actually his birth name, would have the improbable (though not
impossible, as previously described) appearance of Jacob Jacob.
More likely, the first name would be something else (perhaps Veith)
and, thus, provide the desired information.
This surname is often spelled "Benedikt" (with a "k" rather than a "c")
in Bohemian records. However, the oldest known record for this family
in which the surname is listed (the 1793 census record for Jacob
Benedict) lists the surname with the spelling "Benedict". The
two spellings appear to be interchangeable.
records of Jakob's grandchildren (children of Gerschmann
"Gerson" Benedikt and Wilhemina), Peppi Benedikt (1834) and
(1839), list Gerson's mother
as Judith nee Lederer from Lichtenstadt house No. 20. In the Familiant
records, Wolf Lederer, son of Joachim and Antonia Moises, is
house No. 20. With an estimated birth year of 1750 (he died in 1827 at
the age of 77), he appears to be of the same generation as Judith and
was likely her brother. Furthermore, the only other Lederer
the Familiant records, Eliacim Lederer, is also listed with
parent names, had an estimated birth year of 1747 (died in 1804 at age
57), and so was likely another sibling.
4. It is unknown if there was a connection
between Jacob Benedict, described above, and Herz Benedict,
whose family also resided in Lichtenstadt. At this point, it is believed
that there was not, since Herz's paternal line can be definitively
traced back to Lobositz, while Jacob's paternal line is hypothesized to
have gone back further in Lichtenstadt.
thanks to Paul King for his assistance in researching this family.