LICHTENSTADT (Hroznětín)


a town about about 9 km north of Karlovy Vary in Karlovy Vary District and Region of the Czech Republic



Jewish History

(under construction)


Time Period Region
Before 1806 Holy Roman Empire
1806 - 1867 Austrian Empire
1867 - 1918 Austro-Hungarian Empire
1918 - 1938 Czechoslovakia
1938 - 1945 Nazi Germany
1945 - 1992 Czechoslovakia
1993 - Present Czech Republic

Year Jewish Population Total  Population
1606 ~ 200
1618 25 families
1654 19-21 families
1674 152 (29 families)
1675 146 (29 families)
1708 298
1724 250 (46 families)
1747 54 families
1757 40 families
1793 292 (54 families)
1811 47 families


Development of the Jewish Community

The following chart is an attempt to trace the lineage of Lichtenstadt residents from the patronymic period up to the adoption of surnames. The basis for the column placement of names is based primarily on patronyms and, to a lesser extent, on ages, where they are known. As new information becomes available, this chart will be updated and, hopefully, become increasingly more accurate.


1654 Census1674 Census1724 Census
Gubernium Trauung Register
1793 Census
Familianten
Abraham BECK
(with wife Lea)

Herschmann BECK
(with wife Anna, house no. 23)
Gerschmann BECK
(son of Falkmann, married Bluma in 1767)
Abraham Raphael
(Dwora from Lichtenstadt, Lichtenstadt, 1782)

Jeschaÿe Raphael
(Lea from Konigswarth, Lichtenstadt, 1778)

Joseph Moises
(Eva from Floß, Lichtenstadt, 1783)
Abraham BEER
(with wife Debora, house no. 26)

Isaias BEER
(with wife Sara, single Isack Beer, and widowed Sara Beerin, house no. 29)

Joseph BEER
(with wife Eva, house no. 34)

Jonathan BEER
(with wife Verona, mother Ester, and sister Anna, house no. 34)
Abraham BEER
(also Abraham Raphael, son of Raphael and Blume, married Debora Fischer in 1782)

Josias BEER
(also Scheye Raphael, son of Raphael and Blume, married Lea Lobl from Konigswarth in 1778)

Joseph BEER
(son of Moises and Esther, married Ewa Joseph in 1783)

Jonathan BEER
(son of Moises and Maria, married Veronika Lobl in 1789)
Jacob Aaron
(27 yrs, from Jungbunzlau, has merchant shop, son: 15, servants: 15, 18)
Jacob Aaron
(Erben (inheritor), children: Löser 19, Prochele 17)

Abraham Aaron
(wife: Dina, children: Löserl 14, Fradele 12, Edela 9, Schlamele 6, Bela 4, Rösl 1) 3
Vradel Pontin
(Lichtenstadt, widow, settled 1682, protection derived
from Lößer in 1618)

Salomon Ponti
(Lichtenstadt, settled 1701, 
protection derived from Lößer in 1618, Rabbi, wife Sara, children: Dina 10, Lößer 8, unknown daughter 7, Isaac 6, Jonas 4)

Edel
(Lichtenstadt, settled 1722, daughter of Salomon Ponti, 
protection derived from Lößer in 1618, married Simon from Lowositz, 21 years old)

Abrahamb Salomon
(Lichtenstadt, settled 1721, 
protection derived from Lößer in 1618, son of the Rabbi, wife Süße, son Lößer 1)
Hertzl Simon Lobositz
(Rößel from Konigswarth, Lichtenstadt, 1758)

Hertzl Benedict
(Rachel from Lichtenstadt, Lichtenstadt, 1779)

Herz BENEDICT
(with wife Rachel, house no. 15)
Herz BENEDICT
(formerly Herz Lieb, son of Simon and Adelheit, married Rosalia born Rachel in 1760/1779)

Abraham Veit
(39 yrs, sons: 10 and 13 yrs)
Abraham Veit
(wife: Rifka, daughter Edela 15)


Selke Abrahamb
(wife: Hanna; children: Jacob 10, Rösl 8, Salomon 7, Bendet 3, Elkela 1)
Bendet Selckel
(Lichtenstadt, settled 1689, 
protection derived from alt Selckel in 1618, wife Güttel, children: Abrahamb 23, Löb 16, Salomon 13, Selckel 4, Jacob 1)

Veith Bendet
(Lichtenstadt, settled 1715, protection derived from alt Selckel in 1618, wife Rechele, children: Wolf 8, Jacob 6, Selckel 3, Rößel 1)
Jacob BENEDICT
(with wife Sara, house no. 17)
Jacob BENEDICT
(son of Jakob and Pepi Löbl, married Jetti Lederer in 1768)
Moises BERGER
(single, with brother Abraham, house no. 22)
Abraham BERGER
(also Moises, son of Gabriel and Saara Berger, married Lida or Lea Weinmann in 1797)
Moises BLEIER
(with wife Rosalia, house no. 32)

Samuel PLEYER
(single, house no. 32)

Joachim PLEYER
(single, house no. 32)
Moises BLEYER
(son of Nathan and Jetty, married Rosalia Herschl in 1775)

Abraham BLAYER
(son of Nathan and Gertruda Bleyer, married Rosalia Heller in 1768)
Seelig Markus Bondi
(Nacheme from Schlakenwerth, Lichtenstadt, 1765)
Seligmann BONDI
(with wife Sara, house no. 13)
Seligmann BONDI
(son of Markus and Sophie Eibeschitz, married Veronika Hirsch in 1769)
Löbl Abraham
(Rößel from Lichtenstadt, Schlackenwerth, 1780)
Juda ECKSTEIN
(with wife Rosalia, house no. 23)
Juda EKSTEIN
(also Juda Löbl, son of Abraham Löbl and Sybilla Weiss, married Rosa Ullmann in 1780)
Isaak Gerstel
(Live from Falkenau, Lichtenstadt, 1783)
Isak FIESCHER
(with wife Libuscha, house no. 24)

Wolf FIESCHER
(with wife Sara and mother Rachel Fiescherin, house no. 24)
Isaak FISKER
(also Isaak Gerstl, son of Moises Gerson Gerstl and Barbara, married Libuscha Stein from Falkenau in 1783/1786)

Wolf FISKER
(also Wolf Gerschl, son of Gerson Moises and Barbara, married Saara Karplin in 1787)
Aron Moises
(38 yrs)
Aaron Moises
(wife: Minkela, children: Moises 26, Besl 14, Rösl 5, Rikela 3)
Moißes Aaron
(Lichtenstadt, settled in 1689,
 protection derived from Lößer in 1618, wife Peßl, children: Antschl 28, Ester 26, Rechele 19)
Aaron Antschl
(Breindl from Lichtenstadt, Lichtenstadt, 1767)
Marcus FUCHS
(with wife Anna, house no. 9)

Aron FUCHS
(with wife Sara, house no. 9)
Markus FUCHS
(married 1763)

Aron FUCHS
(son of Anschl and Magdalena, married Barbara Hersch in 1769)
Isac Löwit
(25 yrs)
Eisig Levi
(wife: Rifka; children: Hannschl 13)
Falck Eißig
(Lichtenstadt, wife Mathel, 
settled in 1722, protection derived from Schwartz Eißig in 1618, wife Mathel)

Antschl Eißig
(Lichtenstadt, settled in 1686, 
protection derived from Schwartz Eißig in 1618, wife Reichl, children: Salomon 22, Maier 19, Seligmann 17, Eißig 14)

Isräel Eißig
(Lichtenstadt, settled in 1706, protection derived from Schwartz Eißig in 1618, wife Güttel, children: Eißig 16, Ester 14, Gele 10, Blume 3)
Wolf Falk
(Dwora from Lichtenstadt, Lichtenstadt, 1765)
Falkmann HELLER
(single, with widowed mother, house no. 18)

Wolf HELLER
(with wife Sara, house no. 17)

Aron HELLER
(with wife Rebeka, house no. 26)

Emanuel HELLER
(with wife Maria, house no. 26)
Falkman HELLER
(son of Löw Heller and Maria, married Lea Feldstein from Petersburg in 1796)

Wolf HELLER
(son of Falk and Jetti, married Rosel in 1766)

Aron HELLER
(son of Israel Anschl and Jetti, married Saara Jakob in 1743)

Emanuel HELLER
(also Manel Schlom, son of Schlom and Rebecka Heller, married Maria Schwarz from Buschowitz in 1777/1785)
Herschmann KARPL
(single, with mother Anna, house no. 4)
Anna KARPL
(widow, married 1781)
Joachim Lederer
(wife Esterl, daughter Marina 1)
Wolf Lederer
(Hindl from Lichtenstadt, Lichtenstadt, 1774)

Jakob Joachim [Lederer]
(Jütl from Chodau, Lichtenstadt, 1781)
Wolf LEDERER
(with wife Rebeka, house no. 20)

Eliacim LEDERER
(with wife Libuscha, house no. 25)
Wolf LEDERER
(son of Joachim and Antonia Moises, married Saara Haid in 1774)

Eliazim LEDERER
(son of Joachim and Antonia Moises, married Libuscha Löwi from Raudnitz in 1773)
Joachim LENK
(wife Rachel, house no. 3)
Joachim LENK
(son of Jakob Lenk and Esther, married Rachel Teller in 1780)
Veit Löbl
(Schlames from Lichtenstadt, Lichtenstadt, 1773)
Veit LOWENBAUM
(with wife Sara, house no. 25)
Veit LOWENBAUM
(also Veit Löbl, son of Löw Lewenbaum and Dewora, married Saara Dawid in 1767/1772)
Moises Löbl
(Cheye from Poritschen, Schlackenwerth, 1778)
Moises LÖWENFELD
(with wife Rebeka, house no. 6)
Moises LÖWENFELD
(formerly Moises Löbl, son of Löwi Kuttenplan and Sophie, married Lea Katz then Rebeka Katz from Rothporitschen in 1778)

Abraham LOWENFELD
(son of Lobl and Josepha, married Rebeka Bondi in 1789)
Lemel Israel
(Hannele from Lichtenstadt, Schlackenwerth, 1778)


Mendl Lewi
(Pessel from Lichtenstadt, Dalwitz, 1759)
Aron LÖWENSTEIN
(with wife Maria and widowed mother Rebeka, house no. 11)

Abraham LÖWENSTEIN
(with wife Sara, house no. 15)

Emanuel LÖWENSTEIN
(with wife Sara, house no. 30)

Isak LÖWENSTEIN
(with wife Zazilia, house no. 30)

Liebermann LOWENSTEIN
(with wife Lea, house no. 34)
Aron LÖWENSTEIN
(formerly Lämmel Israel, son of Israel Lämmel and Karolina, married Rosalia Isaak in 1778)

Abraham L
ÖWENSTEIN
(son of Löbl Abraham and Maria, married Babett Samuel in 1757)

Emanuel L
ÖWENSTEIN
(son of L
öbl and Franziska, married Pepi Preissker in 1758)

Liebmann L
ÖWENSTEIN
(son of L
öbl, married unknown, married Saara Lederer in 1795)
Lazar LÖWI
(with wife Eva, house no. 5)

Rebeka LÖWIN
(widow)
Lazar LÖWY
(formerly Lazar Sackl Löwi, son of Sackl Löwy and Josepha, married Barbara Hersch from Tachau in 1786)
Mayer Eyßig
(Krendl from Lichtenstadt, Lichtenstadt, 1776)

Israel Lipmann
(Behla from Eidlitz, Lichtenstadt, 1771)

Wolf Eÿsik
(Sarl from Liczkau, Lichtenstadt, 1766)

Mayer Lipmann
(Pessl from Lichtenstadt, Lichtenstadt, 1768)
Marcus MAYER
(with wife Rebeka, house no. 7)

Israel MAYER
(with wife Rachel, house no. 12)

Wolf MAYER
(with wife Sara)

Lippmann MAYER
(with wife Rachel, house no. 18)

Moises MAYER
(with wife Sara)
Markus MAYER
(formerly Mayer Eisik, son of Eisik and Karoline, married Rebeka Karpl in 1778)

Israel MAYER
(formerly Israel Lippmann, son of Lippmann Mayer and Rachl, married Rachel Hirschl in 1777)

Wolf MAYER
(formerly Wolf Eisig, son of Eisig Falk and Kathi, married Saara Mayer in 1767)

Moises MAYER
(son of Lippmann Mayer, married Josepha in 1768)
Joseph Moises
(Ester from Lichtenstadt, Lichtenstadt, 1778)
Joseph MOSSER
(with wife Ester, house no. 15)

David MOSER
(house no. 19)
Joseph MOSER
(formerly Joseph Moises, son of Moyses Dawid and Judith, married Esther Lowenfeld in 1779)

Dawid MOSER
(son of Moises and Veronika, married Judith Benedikt in 1800)
Abraham OFNER
(wife Eva, house no. 33)

Marcus OFNER
(with mother Eva and sister Susana, house no. 33)
Abraham OFNER
(son of Moyses Mayer and Jetti, married Saara in 1788)

Markus OFNER
(son of Moyses, formerly Mayer, and Jetti, married unknown in 1788, Rebeka/Veronika Kohn in 1795)
Sara BLOCHIN
(widow, house no. 31)
Abraham PLOK
(formerly Moises Saar, son of Moises Saar and Martha, married Pepi in 1770, Saara Veit in 1791)
Joachim Jakob
(Chaye from Maschau, Lichtenstadt, 1767)
Joachim PRISKA
(with wife Rebeka and widowed sister Rachel, house no. 21)
Joachim PREISSKER
(also PREISKER, married unknown in 1767)
Jakob Jos.
(Rachel from Lichtenstadt, Lichtenstadt, 1779)
Jacob ROSENBAUM
(with wife Rachel, house no. 10)
Jakob ROSENBAUM
(formerly Jakob Joseph, son of Joseph Haid? and Sophie, married Rachel Mayer in 1779)

Markus ROSENBAUM
(married Rosalia in 1737)
Wolff Moises
(Braundl from Kuttenplau, Lichtenstadt, 1773)
Wolf ROSENFELD
(wife Sara, house no. 2)
Wolf ROSENFELD
(formerly Wolf Moyses, son of Moises Wolf and Theresia, married Rachel Löbl from Kuttenplan in 1772)
Elias Lazar
(Rößl from Raudnitz, Lichtenstadt, 1762)
Elias SAMUSCH
(with wife Ester, house no. 22)
Elias SAMISCH
(also Elias Postelberger, son of Lazar Postelberger and Regina, married Henriett Hirsch from Kraschowitz in 1774)
Abraham SCHWALB
(single, house no. 16)
Abraham SCHWALB
(formerly Joachim, son of Joachim Jonas and Anna Veit, married Judith Benedikt in 1797)
Manl Wolf
(Hanna from Lichtenstadt, Lichtenstadt, 1776)
Manuel STEINER
(with wife Anna)
Abraham STEINER
(married unknown in 1737)

Emanuel STEINER
(also Manl Wolf, son of Wolf and Babett, married Anna Jakob in 1776)
Sara STROßIN
(widow, house no. 8)

Abraham STRAUS
(house no. 8)

Jonas STRAUß
(single)
Gerschmann STRAUß
(formerly Schumle, married Saara in 1759)

Simon STRAUSS
(son of Nathan, married Saara Vogl in 1799)
Israel TELLER
(with mother Maria, widow, house no. 3)

Joseph TELLER
(with wife Judith, house no. 27)
Israel TELLER
(son of Löbl Nathan and Maria, married Rosalia Klein in 1799)

Joseph TELLER
(also Joseph Lazar, son of Lazar Joseph and Rachel, married Karolina Lowenfeld in 1770)
Herschmann ULLMANN
(with wife Verona, house no. 23)
Israel ULLMANN
(son of Moises Abraham and Rachel, married Saara Lederer in 1794)
Isac Kalmus
(wife Rifka, children: Hanna 17, Jacob 15, Süsl 9, Framl 7, Mennl 5)

Moyses Kalma
(wife Hindela, children: Nenella 18, Bela 8, Schlama 6, Calma 6w)

Güttl
(widowed mother of Isak Kalma)
Moißes Calmuß
(Lichtenstadt, settled in 1658, protection derived from Lang Süßl in 1618, widower)

Hirschl Camuß
(Lichtenstadt, settled in 1696, protection derived from Lang Süßl in 1618, wife El?tterle, children: Hindele 17, Lößer 15, Abrahamb 12, Camuß 8)

Dina
(Lichtenstadt, settled in 1717, protection derived from Lang Süßl in 1618, daughter of Hirschl Calmuß, husband Gabriel Gombertz from Wien, children: Hindele 5, Margim 1)

Süßl Calmuß
(Lichtenstadt, settled in 1686, protection derived from Lang Süßl in 1618, wife Ester)

Abrahamb
Süßl
(Lichtenstadt, settled in 1708, protection derived from Lang Süßl in 1618, wife Güttel, children: Jacob 15, Blume 13, Rifke 3)

Camuß Süßl
(Lichtenstadt, settled in 1710, protection derived from Lang Süßl in 1618, wife Golde, children: Koppel 13, Rifke 6, Schlöme 4, Isaac 1)
Herschl Kalmus
(Lichtenstadt, 1768)
Hirschmann ULLMER
(in Tüppelsgrün with house no. 23 in Lichtenstadt, with wife Sara)
Gerschmann ULMER
(also Gerschl Kalmus, son of Kalmus and Ulmer, married Veronika Löbl in 1768)
Lazar VOGL
(with wife Rachel, house no. 19)
Lazar VOGEL
(formerly Löbl, married Rachel in 1779)

The following individuals show up in the records intermittently but do not appear to have a continuous lineage to the 19th century in Lichtenstadt:

1793 Census
Aron BERMANN
(with wife Sara, from Fürst Löwenstein)
Joseph LERNER
(with wife Ester, from Pernstein?, Iglauer kreis)
Joel SCHWARZ
(widower)
Zacharias NUSBAUM
(with wife Ester)

Familianten
Isaak GRÜNWALD
(married unknown in 1778 in Stattenitz)
Juda HIRSCH
(son of Hirsch and Rosalia, married Mina Heller in unknown)
Samuel KUNZFELD
(married unknown in Tachlowitz)
Aron WEISSL
(son of Abraham and Saara, married Eleonora in 1777 in Kirchenbirg)


Research Notes

1. Boháček, Jan, Martin Jiřinec, Jindřich Marek, Martin Holý, and Ivana Ebelová. Soupis Židovských Rodin v Čechách z Roku 1793. Praha: Státní ústřední archiv v Praze, 2002.

2. Gold, Hugo. Die Juden und Judengemeinden Böhmens in Vergangenheit und Gegenwart I. "Geschichte Der Juden in Lichtenstadt". Brünn: Jüdischer Buch- und Kunstverlag, 1934.

3. Abrahm Aaron (also known as Abraham Oettingen or Abraham Lichtenstadt) adopted the surname Aaron/Aron from from his stepfather Jacob AronJakobovits, Tobias. "Wer ist Abraham Aron Lichtenstadt?" Monatsschrift für Geschichte und Wissenschaft des Judentums. Vol. 74 (1930), Issue 1, pp. 35-41. (online publication).
    Jacob was the son of Lazar Aron of Lichtenstadt. Jahrbücher der Gesellschaft für Geschichte der Juden in der Cechoslovakischen Republik. (1935), Issue VII, p. 41. (online publication). This Lazar was almost certainly "Lößer" in the 1618 census of Lichtenstadt, from which the Bondi family derived their protection status there.
    As for the next generation, the gravestone of Vradel/Fradel Bondi in the Lichtenstadt Jewish cemetery confirms that she was the daughter of Abraham Oettingen (i.e., Abraham Aron).